July 20, 2016
Public-Private Partnerships (P3 or PPP Model) are funding strategies for public infrastructure projects. The public partner is represented by the local, state, or national government and a private sector entity with specific area of expertise.
These models have been proved to be a catalyst in giving a boost to business and industry associated with infrastructure development. Keeping this in mind, our Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav has invested heavily in the state under P3 Model.
PPP Model in Uttar Pradesh
By employing the PPP model in various sectors, Akhilesh Yadav has achieved phenomenal positive results. Under his guidance, Uttar Pradesh has emerged as a hub for world class infrastructure, IT industries including software, business process outsourcing, and electronics. His Government has further plans to digitize and computerize crucial public departments and strengthen the existing ones under different e-schemes.
Among the projects undertaken under the PPP mode, Uttar Pradesh has the highest share of 15 percent in India. UP has topped among five states under PPP, second on the list is Maharashtra with 12 percent, followed by Gujarat at 10 percent, Karnataka at 9 percent and Tamil Nadu with 6 percent. Within the country a total of 1200 projects in the PPP mode have been undertaken with a total investment of about Rs. 7 lakh crore.
Akhilesh Yadav government has created a diversification in the economy and has made Uttar Pradesh more competitive in terms of facilitating its infrastructural base as well as given a boost to its economy.
Increased number of PPP Projects
Uttar Pradesh has a well-developed social, physical, and industrial infrastructure. It can now also boast of good connectivity through 48 national highways, 6 airports, and rail links to all major cities. The state has witnessed a high rate of infrastructural growth in the recent past. There has been a considerable rise in the number of industrial clusters and Public-Private-Partnership projects in the infrastructure domain. Projects like Lucknow Metro and Agra Lucknow expressway have also been constructed under P3 model.
The state is also in the process of implementing and testing the public–private partnership model in the power sector with an input-based franchisee system.
Special Economic Zones
A special economic zone (SEZ) refers to designated areas in countries with special economic regulations that differ from other areas in the same country. These regulations tend to contain measures that are conducive to direct foreign investment.
The government of Uttar Pradesh has sanctioned 22 Special Economic Zones across the state, such as IT, electronic hardware, software, handicrafts, and agro-based industries.
Akhilesh Yadav has transformed Uttar Pradesh and now it has a robust industrial infrastructure, including 15 industrial areas, 12 specialised parks, four growth centres, and industrial infrastructure development centres (IIDC). As of March 2015, the state had 18 notified special economic zones (SEZs).
Uttar Hamara feels that the successful installation of the PPP projects has been possible because of the striving efforts of the present government.