June 21, 2016
Highlights of the Study: In 2009-10, Uttar Pradesh experienced a decline in female workers with 15.6% LFPR. It rose up to 27% in 2014.
The study titled ‘Female Labour Force Participation in India’ (FLFP) was conducted by Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) along with the knowledge firm Thought Arbitrage Research Institute (TARI) in four states – Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.
According to the study, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of rural and urban female workers with 13.6 million and 2.4 million respectively.
Taking statistics into consideration, it has been found that Uttar Pradesh had lower Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) for females in 2009-10 which increased to 27% in 2014.
The study also highlights that marriage decreases the probability of FLFP by about 8% in rural areas and 16% in urban areas of the country. Another factor which dampens female employability was the lack of skill training.
Due to various schemes launched by the government of Uttar Pradesh under the visionary leadership of Shri Akhilesh Yadav, it has been found that the state has highest number of workers – both male and female.
As per the study, Uttar Pradesh government has made much needed efforts for improving health, promoting education, generating employment through skill development, and spreading awareness among women about the importance of FLFP.
Suggestions: The study suggests that promoting skill training programmes for women, creating employment opportunities, and ensuring women safety and security in every sphere through efforts by both the Centre and State governments are imperative to boost FLFP in India.